普契尼经典歌剧《波希米亚人》上海首演



昨晚上去大剧院看的,眼泪上了眼眶三回。好吧,我承认我哭点低,各种心绪交杂的缘故吧(QD占了大头)。都灵皇家乐团的配乐一流,好比催泪弹。演员唱得美,QD说他一个阿姨的好友唱了好多年,都没混出头,标准太高、竞争太激烈,要想参加如此级别的乐团与演出,难上加难,一定要天赋和苦功。年前逝世的Luciano Pavarotti 原先就是演鲁道夫这样的男一号。


初中的时候看普契尼戏剧全集,很喜欢。他对女性心理的描写有着独到的见解,很细腻、很触及女性内心柔软的部分。对男性的刻画则更多是自嘲,与生俱来的欢快的幽默感。而对贫苦阶级乐天向上的同情与赞美,与对布尔乔亚的唾弃与蔑视,也成为其戏剧主题的矛盾聚焦。原先看海报以为会是当代性的舞美,实际呈现的依然是经典的19世纪30年代,可以想见整个剧组所耗费的巨大心力,除了大量的参演(包括一个儿童合唱团)、工作人员外,尤其在第二幕中明显感受到的整个舞台的掌控力:如此多的演员在舞台上活动,每个人的一举一动都是那么个性、自然,要做到如此非常不易,都是背后对人物深入挖掘、建立起有血有肉的真实人生的剧本角色刻画的结晶。相信这也是为什么国内的许多演艺作品都那么苍白无力:要讲的不仅是那么一段故事,更是关于这许多人与其所处的社会,有太多功课要做了。

最后QD说下次有歌剧还要看,买贵一点的票子做到前排一点。正如普契尼和所有艺术家所歌颂的那样,人人都唱出“爱”吧!唱出爱,放手去爱,就好像永远没被伤害。



普契尼经典歌剧《波希米亚人》
又名艺术家的生涯
Opera: La Bohème
 

 

演出:意大利都灵皇家歌剧院
指挥:贾南德雷亚•诺塞达
导演:维托利奥•波莱里
Conductor: Giananchea Noseda
Director: Vittorio Borrelli
Performed by: Teatro Regio Totino, Italy

 

票价/Price:¥800、¥600、¥400、¥200,¥150

 

四幕歌剧《波希米亚人》是意大利作曲家贾科莫•普契尼(Giacomo Puccini 1858-1924)的传世名作,被誉为普契尼12部歌剧中最为精彩的作品之一。该剧又名《艺术家的生涯》、《绣花女》,取材于法国亨利•谬尔杰的小说《波希米亚人的生活情景》。


歌剧讲述的是巴黎拉丁区的阁楼里,诗人鲁道夫、画家马切洛、哲学家柯林和音乐家肖纳尔四个波希米亚青年,共同过着贫困而乐观的生活。鲁道夫与病弱而漂亮的邻居、绣花女咪咪彼此相爱,却又因生活拮据而不得不分开。马切洛和旧情人穆塞塔也分分合合,经受着情感的折磨。严冬来临,鲁道夫和咪咪冰释前嫌真情依旧,却无力改变生活的现况。咪咪最终病重死去,鲁道夫悲痛欲绝。穆塞塔和玛切洛因此深有所感,重新结合起来。全剧有许多动人而且富于戏剧性的唱段。如第一幕,咪咪的娇美迷住了青年诗人鲁道尔夫的心,他唱起动人的咏叹调《冰凉的小手》,接着咪咪以天真活泼而又深情的曲调唱出《人们叫我咪咪》,表现了她初恋时的愉悦心情。这两首咏叹调是整部歌剧中最著名的两个唱段。


都灵皇家歌剧院正式这部歌剧传世杰作的首演之地。此次全景移师上海,是世博期间意大利呈现给上海观众最值得关注的艺术盛宴。

 

La bohème is an opera in four acts by Giacomo Puccini to an Italian libretto by Luigi Illica and Giuseppe Giacosa, based on Scènes de la vie de bohème by Henri Murger. The world première performance of La bohème was in Turin on February 1, 1896 at the Teatro Regio (now the Teatro Regio Torino) and conducted by the young Arturo Toscanini. Since then La bohème has become part of the standard Italian opera repertory and is one of the most frequently performed operas internationally. Celebrating the Shanghai Expo, Teatro Regio Torino will bring their production to the stage of SGT, making the performance a total must for opera lovers in town.

 

Eugenio Guglielminetti导演的歌剧《波希米亚人》1984年经典版本经改编后, 2008年10月重返舞台。整部歌剧作品情节生动细致,意蕴耐人寻味,既传承原版精华,又将丰富的舞台场景变换融入其中:所有道具均设置在同一个旋转平台上,随着平台的转动,四幕场景一一呈现在观众眼前;新作舞台背景继承了Guglielminetti的基本思想,在视觉设计上略作改变,使现场观众能有身临其境之感。新版《波希米亚人》导演维托里奥•波雷利,都灵皇家歌剧院舞台总经理,与世界著名导演合作关系密切。

 

Eugenio Guglielminetti’s memorable 1984 version of the opera was re-examined and re-elaborated in October 2008 by Saverio Santoliquido and Claudia Boasso (sets) and Laura Viglione (costumes). The production is agile, effective and consistent with tradition, keeping in mind the diverse stages hosting the opera: the sets are in fact mounted on a revolving platform that reproduces all four acts, and new back-drops based on Guglielminetti’s designs bring the pictorial style of the staging back to life. The stage direction is by Vittorio Borrelli, principal stage manager of the Regio and regular collaborator with world-famous directors. Maestro Claudio Fenoglio directs the Chorus of the Regio and the Shanghai children’s chorus, and lighting is by Luca Ferioli.

 

Gianandrea Noseda, conductor
指挥:贾南德雷亚•诺塞达

 

贾南德雷亚•诺塞达自2004年起开始与都灵皇家歌剧院合作,2007年9月起担任该歌剧院的音乐总监。在第一个演出季中,他指挥了歌剧“法斯塔夫”和罗伯特•卡尔森导演的《莎乐美》全新制作。2008年5月他在德国进行巡演,并增加了国际范围的演出活动,2010年夏季他将赴日本。


贾南德雷亚•诺塞达曾担任曼彻斯特的BBC爱乐乐团首席指挥达4年之久,这是他职业生涯中自豪的一笔。他于1997年开始国际活动,他成为圣彼得堡马林斯基剧院的首席客座指挥,并且创设了“马林斯基青年爱乐乐团”并担任首席指挥。1998年起,他担任了西班牙卡达盖斯管弦乐团的首席指挥,1999年至2003年期间成为鹿特丹管弦乐团首席客座指挥,2003年至2006年担任都灵国家广播交响乐团的首席客座指挥。此外,从2000年期他担任了斯特雷萨音乐节(意大利最具历史性的音乐节之一)的艺术总监。

 

Gianandrea Noseda is the new Music Director of Teatro Regio in Turin since September 2007 after a successful collaboration which started in 2004. In his first season has conducted Falstaff and a compelling new production of Salome directed by Robert Carsen. With the tour of Germany in May 2008 he has also begun an increasingly important international activity which will lead to a residence in Japan in Summer 2010.

 

Chief Conductor of the BBC Philharmonic in Manchester after four years as Principal Conductor – a way to pride the total commitment and the significant achievements of this collaboration – Gianandrea Noseda started his international journey in 1997, when he became the first foreign Principal Guest Conductor at the Mariinsky Theatre in St. Petersburg where he also set up the ‘Mariinsky Young Philharmonic Orchestra’ and served as its Principal Conductor. Since 1998 he is the Principal Conductor of the Orquesta de Cadaqués, between 1999 and 2003 he has been the Principal Guest Conductor of the Rotterdam Philharmonic and of the Orchestra Sinfonica Nazionale della RAI, Turin between 2003 and 2006. In addition, since 2000 he serves as Artistic Director of the Stresa Festival  (one of the historical Italian Music festivals).


剧本点这里:http://www.opera.org.tw/opera_c/boheme_c.htm

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