Maurizio Cattelan: All

莫瑞吉奥·卡特兰(Maurizio Cattelan)古根海姆最新个展“All(所有)

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意大利人莫瑞吉奥·卡特兰(Maurizio Cattelan)被视作挑衅者、弄潮儿、当下时代的悲情诗人,他创作了近年当代艺术景观中最令人难忘的几幅图像。此次回顾展将全面回顾卡特兰的全部创作,也即展览标题“All”(所有)的来由,逾130件借自全球各地私人或公共收藏的作品将与公众见面,创作时间跨度从上世纪80年代末至最近的新作。

卡特兰的创作取材广泛,从大众文化、历史、区域民族到自省,其见解玩世不恭而深刻。 作为超现实主义者的代表人物,卡特兰创作了无数引人不安、变化多端的雕塑与装置作品,揭示了现代社会的核心矛盾。卡特兰将为此次调研展多身定制一座现场装置,在古根海姆的圆形大厅中央为卡特兰迄今为止的全部创作给出圆满归结。

卡特兰艺术创作的许多灵感都来自他的童年时代,在意大利北部城市帕多瓦(padua),那段青葱岁月在家庭的窘困、教师的惩戒与做粗活赚些零钱中度过。这些早年经历植根于艺术家反权威的艺术创作中,对剥削阶层的鄙视在其早年的创作中表现得尤其明显。

其全部作品都指摘政治与社会,艺术家在其以象征图示为主的特色表演中将自己打扮成一名凡夫俗子,一个蠢蛋,以此来刺激观众,告诉所有人其实没有必要自作傻瓜。

粗暴、挑衅、肆无忌惮是描述卡特兰雕塑的关键词,反政府主义渗透于其作品中,常论及的话题包括其意大利人的国籍与这个国家动荡混乱的政治局势,对道德的深刻追问是其创作中心,对标本玩偶的循环使用表达了一种表象的生活,用实际死亡的预设作为探讨主题的手段之一。

在古根海姆纽约标志性的螺旋大厅中央,每件作品都被吊在绳子上,仿若被实施绞刑。以纯粹卡特兰的新奇展示方式抵抗传统的展览形式,从天而降的雕塑们宛如一体,貌似被集体处决,概莫能外,这些艺术作品即悲剧本身。以时间为序的回顾展创造了为现场度身定制的大型装置组,以此庆贺其自身的徒劳无功,也是对卡特兰迄今创作的终极升华。


Maurizio Cattelan,La Rivoluzione siamo noi(我们即革命),2000

Maurizio Cattelan,La Rivoluzione siamo noi(我们即革命),2000

November 4, 2011–January 22, 2012

much of cattelan’s artistic practice is fueled by his childhood. growing up in the northern italian city of padua, his youth was marked by economic hardships at home, punishment at school and employment in a slew of menial jobs. these early experiences have become embedded in the artist in the form of his abiding mistrust of authority and disdain for the laborious workforce which is particularly evident in much of his early artistic production.

 

amidst his politically and socially charged oeuvre, the artist always presents himself within, his own characteristic features acting as a mainstay of his iconography, promoting himself as an everyman, portraying himself as the fool so that we the viewers don’t have to.

 

offensive, truculent, cheeky can all be used to describe the gestures cattelan depicts through his sculpture. this anarchist approach extends into works which revolve around issues of his italian identity and tensions of the country’s continuously shifting political landscape. in addition a profound concentration on the mortality of forms can be found
at the core of his practice, the recurring use of taxidermy, presenting a state of apparent life, premised by actual death being used as a means of exploring this thematic concern.

 

this retrospective presentation of maurizio cattelan at the guggenheim museum, new york is a summation of everything the artist has produced since 1989. appropriately entitled ‘all’, each piece on show is hoisted up by rope, as if on gallows, hanging down from the iconic oculus of the guggenheim’s rotunda. in true cattelan-style, this unconventional arrangement of his work resists the traditional exhibition format. the sculptures suspended from the ceiling, as a whole, appear like a mass execution, which en masse is an overarching, tragic artwork in itself. the context of this chronological retrospective creates a site specific installation which celebrates its own futility, an ultimate sublimation of cattelan’s genre.

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